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Thursday, 15 September 2011

Serian District proper

Majority of the population are still living in the villages we called "kampung". What is very unique about the kampung click here for a list is that it is almost govern by its own chief and his assistants. Each kampung has it own JKKK - in English literally means The Council for the well-being of the kampung folks.
The majority of the population are bidayuhs (pronounce as bidayeh) - literally means the people of the land. The Serian bidayuhs have their own distinct dialect known as the Bukar-sadong Bidayuh. It is quite amazing to note here that the bidayuhs from Serian District will not be able to communicate to their fellow bidayuhs, say, from Bau-Lundu or from Siburan-Padawan areas! And vice versa.
Here are some examples of the differences in the various dialects as translated from English and Malay.

EnglishMalayBukar-SadongBau-JagoiSiburan-Padawan
FatherBapaAmangSamaSama
MotherIbuAndĕSinoSinĕ
Foodmakananpima-anpingumanpimaan
Ricenasisongkoi/sungkoitubitubi
Iaku/sayaakuokuku
You/thouengkau/andaamu/akammu-u/inganku-u/kaam

Bahasa Bidayuh

A
Ande-ibu
Arnab-arnab
Amang-bapa
Apui-api/lampu
Amon-air
Arud-perahu
Anjan-tangga
Amû-kamu
Akuk-saya
Antu-Hantu
Anak-Anak
Andang-udang
Andu- hari
Anih-apa
Angin-angin
Asi-siapa
Akam-(Pangilan yang sopan untuk orang tua: datuk, nenek,bapa, ibu,pak cik dan mak cik)
Asat-salah

B
Babeh/babuk-datuk     
Boes-tidur
Bateh-mata
Batek-batang/pokok
Buak-buah
Bakok-parang
Bateh andu-mata hari
1Buruh-buluh
2Buruh-rambut/bulu
Bereng-bulat
Bebi-sejuk
Bahan apui-arang api
Bahas-besar
Butah-pecah
Bingarek-malam
Binyuh-kapur
Buhu-pergi 
Beken-bukan
Beg-beg
Bak-jangan
Bihis-Hitam
Bejuh-baju
Budo-bodoh
Biso-kenyang
Batan-buang
Bebak-mulut
Buak tengek-jari
Buak kejak-jari kaki
Besi-Besi
Baak-kepala
Bejik-marah
Buran-bulan
Buru pagi-pagi
Bunga-bunga
Buka-buka
Bahat-berat
Birajung-lari
Batuh-batu
Barangkali-mungkin
Bidayeh-bidayuh
Bentuk-bentuk
Buku-buku
Betul-betul

C
Cerita-cerita
Cawan-cawan

D
Dihan-durian
Dedet-lembut
Dadan-rotan
Dawe-daun
Dari-lelaki
Dekes-kotor
Dapih-dimana
Dayak-bidayuh/orang
Dengan-dengan/dan
Daging-daging
Dingan-awan
Direk-tekan
Dedak-untuk

E
Entêk-Otak
Embun-panjang
Engod-muda

G
Gapih-mana
Gatik-mari
Genan-nama
Guleng-baring
Gatikseh-sekarang                   
Gadan-nama                 
I
Irak-ingin
Inyap-Tiada
Irad ramin-atap rumah
Irad-atap
Ikan-ikan
Icik-sikit
Ihong-banyak

J
Jalu-haiwan
Jipeh-gigi
Jetak-koyak
Jantung-jantung
Jawe-muka
Jenak-cahaya

K
kejak-kaki
kaik bulih-tidak boleh
Kue-Kuih
Kuyak-bising
Kohos-kasar
Kerusi-kerusi
Kenang-burit
Keping-telinga
Kedek-pendek
Keyuhnaan-makanan
Kiyek-membaiki/baiki
Kertas-kertas
Kotak-kotak
Kaik buleh-tidak boleh
Kertas-kertas
Kamus-kamus

L
Luah-keluar
Langkau-pondok
Laju-laju
Licin-licin
Lawan-lawan

M
Mamuh-mandi
Maan-makan
Magan-menjerit
Mijug-berdiri
Matik-nanti
Mesem-masam
Meret-masuk
Muas-nangis
Maat-naik
Muhun-turun
Mende-diam
Maber-terbang
Mandam-sakit
Midup-milik
Main-main

N
Nanek-ibu
Nyigek-pintu
Nyendak-bercakap
Nguluk-duduk
Nyandunek-semalam
Naih-perut
Nyangek-ringan
Nengkad-baling
Neeh she-dia
Ngundah-buat/cipta
Nampo-tiup
Ngempo-meniup
Nombor-nombor
Ngajar-mengajar

O
Oren-oren

P
Pipis-penyapu
Pisok-pisau
Perek-panas
Piranuk-kancil
Paan-beri makan
Penu-bergerak/berjalan
Paguh-sedap
Paye-perlahan
Pinggan-pinggan
Pebek-getah
Panu-jalan
Pingabâ-pangilan

R
Ramin-rumah
Rasah-rosak
Risong-(benda untuk menumbuk makanan)
Riang-keras
Rubang-lubang
Rejak-tajam
Rimpas-lepas
Rimo-harimau
Reeiti-maksud

S
Simua-semua
She-itu
Sanda-bahasa/kata
Senang aseng-senang hati
Songkoi-nasi
Sibayuh-sebelum
Sabik-cili
Sungi-sungai
Singau-kucing
Sekeh-bau
Siberek-lapar
 Sade-cukup
Sama-sama
Sembahyang-simayang
Silamat-selamat
Siruh-kuku
Siok-ayam
Sahaja-sahaja

T
Tayang-nenek
Turad-dinding
Terih-tali
Tubut-cabut
Tong uras-tong sanpah
Tanak-tanah
Tengek-tangan
Tuhai-lama
Tibu-badan
Timengen-kacak/cantik
Tuda-tengah
Tubek-pamdang
Tegeh-pegang
Tuuh-tua   
Tinan-guna
Tabâ-panggil
Tundah-buat
Tulis-tulis
Tekik-taik/ berak

U
Uras-sampah
Umbu dari-abang
Umbu dayung-kakak
Undung-hidung

W
Wangmanih-bila
Warna-warna